This week in CEP 810, we were introduced to the TPACK framework. TPACK stands for Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge and I think that the following diagram created by TPack.org shows how all of the elements of teaching and technology integration work together to create this framework:
Source: What is TPACK? @tpack.org
The diagram above shows how Technological knowledge, content knowledge and pedagogical knowledge all intertwine together to create a framework for how teachers should integrate using technology in the classroom effectively. That is, they are using technology to enhance their students’ understanding of the content knowledge and developing it around a method of teaching that is effective.
According to Dr. Matthew Koehler, a professor at Michigan State University in the College of Education, he explains on his website that there are 7 components that make up the TPACK framework:
Content Knowledge (CK), Pedagogical Knowledge (PK), Technology Knowledge (TK), Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), Technological Content Knowledge (TCK), Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK) and Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK).
Check out his explanation of each here: http://www.matt-koehler.com/tpack/tpack-explained/
We also watched a video from Dr. Punya Mishra about the TPACK framework. I found it most interesting when Dr. Mishra explains how every physical item we have in a classroom can be considered a “technology” and that it’s really how the teacher manipulates that technology as a teaching tool.
I found that interesting because technically even a pencil and a piece of paper can be considered a form of technology, but it’s how we have our students use these tools in the classroom to learn is what makes it effective.
I’ve worked in a school where every teacher was given 30 MacBook Airs on a cart and their own personal MacBook Air to carry around with them. But they had no idea how to use these technologies and how to manipulate them so that they can use it to teach the content to their students.
To show how teachers can learn to manipulate technology in their classroom, our CEP 810 class asked us to “Cook” with the TPACK framework. I asked a friend of mine to choose any plate, bowl and utensil in the kitchen that we had. He chose a smaller plate, a bowl and a WHISK. From there, I chose from 5 different “recipes” and had to create it using ONLY the utensils given to me. The following is a link to my video:
This was a fun way to teach us how important it is to think outside of the box when it comes to the tools (technologies) that we are given in the classroom. At one point, when I was creating the peanut butter and jelly sandwich, I thought it’d be interesting to try both ends of the whisk, which ended up getting a little bit messy — a metaphor that can definitely reflect back in the classroom. However, no matter how messy we can get in a classroom, or how much we can “mess up” when it comes to teaching and repurposing different tools in our classroom – the ability to be flexible and open-minded as we are creating our lessons is what ultimately makes us better educators.